The most commonly used neutralization chemicals for acid or base neutralization are 98% Sulfuric acid and 50% Sodium hydroxide. In many cases these are very good choices, however, there are many considerations when selecting chemicals and these may not always be the best selection.
The selection of the chemicals used for the neutralization of an acid or base is almost as important as the design of the neutralization system. There are many considerations ranging from health and safety to cost and convenience of operation. Some of the major points to consider in the selection of chemicals are listed below: